German Emigration Notices

German government-sponsored newspapers often carried notices of intention to emigrate. These notices include the name of the emigrant, his or her place of residency, and occupation or status. Sometimes they contain additional information on the emigrant’s family. More and more German newspapers are being digitized and placed online.

1845_emigration_Intelligenzblatt
1845 German newspaper emigration notices of several of the original settlers of Frankenmuth, Michigan.[1] Their town of origin as well as occupations or statuses are given.
This notice from 1845 contains the names and additional information on several of the original settlers of Frankenmuth, Michigan who came from Roßtall, Bavaria. It lists Martin Haspel, master weaver, with his wife and one child; Johann List, single journeyman carpenter; Johann Leonhard Bernthal (my second great-grandfather), single journeyman weaver; Johann Bierlein, single tenant farmer’s son; Kunigunda Bernthal, single wagon-maker’s daughter; and Anna Margaretha Walther, single ropemaker’s daughter.

Stern_1847_emigration_notice
1847 German newspaper emigration notice including the Johann Michael and Anna Sophia (Stern) Stern family of Brombach, Mittelfranken, Bavaria.[2] This notice provides the maiden names of the women emigrating with their husbands.
Another notice from 1847 includes the family of Johann Michael Stern (my third great-grandfather). It provides his residency as Brombach. It also provides the full name of his wife, including her maiden name. It states that Johann Michael was a Gütler, or smallholder/farmer, and that he was emigrating with his wife and four children.

Gugel_1859_emigration
1859 German newspaper emigration notice for the Georg Gugel family.[3] This notice provides full names and the birthdates of Georg’s children.
This notice for the Georg Gugel family who immigrated to Frankenmuth in 1859 is particularly valuable as it lists the full names of all of his children who are emigrating, as well as their birthdates.

Several websites include some of these newspapers where the emigration notices can be found including Google Books, Internet Archive, and Bavarica for papers specifically from Bavaria, Germany. These government-sponsored newspapers are usually titled “Intelligenzblatt” or “Amtsblatt.” Searching for one of these titles plus a locality (such as “Mittelfranken”) will return several results. Searching with the surname of interest may or may not return results; optical character recognition (OCR) is not perfect, and in my experience, even less-so with the Fraktur font used in these publications.

A helpful and amazing finding-aid for emigration notices published in newspapers in Mittelfranken, or Central Franconia, Bavaria from 1837-1874 was produced by the City of Gunzenhausen, Germany. Staff of the Frankenmuth Historical Association translated and compiled the information they provided. The finding-aid is published on the Saginaw (Michigan) Genealogy Society, Inc.’s website. This index includes not only immigrants to Frankenmuth and the surrounding Franconian colonies but throughout North America. Included in the index are the emigrant’s name, status and/or occupation, place of residency in Bavaria, North American destination when known, possible additional information on the emigrant’s birth or family, and, importantly, a reference to the newspaper where the notice can be found.

German newspapers are a great source of information on one’s ancestor’s immigration to North America, particularly when ships’ manifests can not be located or are extant. Emigration notices may hold the key to the ancestor’s village or town of origin, as well.

Reference Notes:

1. Königlich Bayerisches Intelligenzblatt für Mittelfranken: 1845 (Ansbach, Bayern: Brügel, 1845), 26 February 1845, cols. 361 & 62, item no. 8; digital images, Google Books (https://books.google.com : accessed 13 February 2016).

2. Königlich Bayerisches Intelligenzblatt für Mittelfranken (Ansbach, Bayern: Brügel, 1847), 24 February 1847, cols. 331 & 32, item no. 8; digital images, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Bavarica (http://bavarica.digitale-sammlungen.de : accessed 13 February 2016).

3. Königlich Bayerisches Kreis-Amtsblatte von Mittelfranken 1859 (Ansbach, Bayern: Brügel, 1859), no. 4, 15 January 1859, cols. 60 & 61, item no. 5; digital images, Bayerische StattsBibliothek, Bavarica (http://bavarica.digitale-sammlungen.de : accessed 17 February 2016).

Advertisements

Relating the Two Stern Families of Frankenmuth

My curiosity in the Stern families of Frankenmuth, Michigan stems from my paternal grandmother who was a Stern. She was a descendant of Johann Michael Stern and his wife Anna Sophia (Stern). (To clarify, Anna Sophia’s maiden name was also Stern.)[1] They were the parents in the second Stern family to arrive in Frankenmuth, emigrating in 1847.[2] The first Stern family to arrive there was headed by Georg Martin Stern and his wife, Anna Sophia (Kraus). They emigrated in 1846 aboard the Brig George Duckwitz with the second wave of settlers to Frankenmuth.[3]

Early into my genealogical endeavors, I began to wonder how and if the two original Stern families of Frankenmuth were related. Odds are they were; both families originated nearby one another in Mittelfranken, Bavaria (see following paragraph). They both immigrated within about a one year span to the same settlement in North America.[4] The two families shared not just a surname but many given names, as well.[5] The challenge was finding evidence that the two families were indeed related. No examined North American sources provided this evidence. It would likely be necessary to explore German documents to find the answer to the research question.

Articles from a German government-sponsored newspaper provided emigration information and the names of the villages of origin of the two Stern families. Georg Martin & Anna Sophia (Kraus) Stern hailed from the village of Gräfensteinberg, Landgericht Gunzenhausen, Mittelfranken, Bavaria.[6] Brombach, Landgericht Gunzenhausen was given as the place of residency for Johann Michael & Anna Sophia (Stern) Stern.[7] Brombach lies approximately 1.3 kilometers south of Gräfensteinberg.

Grafensteinberg_Brombach_map
Detail, 1893 map depicting Gräfensteinberg and Brombach (upper right).[8]
Since civil vital-record registration did not begin in Bavaria until 1876, it was essential to consult German church records in an effort to determine the relationship between the two families.[9] The 1801 birth and and 1832 marriage records for Anna Sophia Stern, wife of Johann Michael Stern, revealed her parents as Johann Michael Stern and Anna Sophia (Stotz).[10] The 1797 birth record for Georg Martin Stern indicated the same parentage as that of Anna Sophia Stern.[11] Both children were born at Gräfensteinberg in house number 22.[12]

Thus, the two original Stern families of Frankenmuth are related. Georg Martin Stern, father of the Stern family to immigrate in 1846, was brother to Anna Sophia (Stern) Stern, wife of Johann Michael Stern and mother in the family to immigrate in 1847.

In an effort to construct my Stern pedigree, I continued research in the parish records of Gräfensteinberg. Stern proved to not be a particularly common surname within the parish records (which also includes the records for Brombach). It was plausible that Anna Sophia (Stern) Stern was related to her husband outside the bonds of marriage.

Johann Michael Stern, the husband of Anna Sophia (Stern), was born in 1806, the son of Leonhard Michael Stern and his wife.[13] Records show the parents of Leonhard Michael Stern as Johann Conrad Stern and Anna Margaretha (Huber).[14]

Parish records disclose that Johann Michael Stern, the father of Anna Sophia (Stern) Stern, was also the son of Johann Conrad Stern and his wife Anna Margaretha.[15] This results in Johann Michael Stern, the 1847 emigrant to North America, marrying his first cousin Anna Sophia Stern.[16] This Johann Michael Stern was also therefore a first cousin to Georg Martin Stern, the 1846 emigrant and brother to his wife.

Research is presently on-going to reconstruct the German lineage of the Stern families of Frankenmuth. Thus far, investigation reveals a continuous line of Sterns residing in the Gräfensteinberg parish from the middle-1800s extending back into the 17th century.

Reference Notes:

1. Elaine Huber, translator, “St. Lorenz Lutheran Church (Frankenmuth, Michigan), Book I: (1847-1857),” (typescript, 1990, St. Lorenz Lutheran Church Office, Frankenmuth), no. 41.

2. “8. Bekanntmachung beabsichtigter Auswanderungen nach Nordamerika,” Königlich Bayerisches Intelligenzblatt für Mittelfranken (Ansbach, Bayern: Brügel, 1847), 24 February 1847, cols. 331 & 32; digital images, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek München, Bavarica (http://bavarica.digitale-sammlungen.de : accessed 13 February 2016).

3. “7. Bekanntmachung der beabsichtigter Auswanderungen nach Nordamerika,” Königlich Bayerisches Intelligenzblatt für Mittelfranken (Ansbach, Bayern: Brügel, 1846), 31 January 1846, cols. 165 & 66; digital images, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek München, Bavarica (http://bavarica.digitale-sammlungen.de : accessed 13 February 2016).

“New York, Passenger Lists, 1820-1957,” digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : 7 February 2014), manifest, Brig George Duckwitz, Bremen to New York, arriving 9 May 1846, p. 2, Martin Stein [sic] family; citing National Archives microfilm publication M237, roll 61.

4. Ibid.

“7. Bekanntmachung der beabsichtigter Auswanderungen nach Nordamerika,” cols. 165 & 66.

“8. Bekanntmachung beabsichtigter Auswanderungen nach Nordamerika,” cols. 331 & 32.

5. Ibid.

“New York, Passenger Lists, 1820-1957,” digital images, Ancestry.com, manifest, Brig George Duckwitz, Bremen to New York, arriving 9 May 1846, p. 2, Martin Stein [sic] family.

Huber, “St. Lorenz Lutheran Church (Frankenmuth, Michigan), Book I: (1847-1857),” no. 41.

6. “7. Bekanntmachung der beabsichtigter Auswanderungen nach Nordamerika,” cols. 165 & 66.

7. “8. Bekanntmachung beabsichtigter Auswanderungen nach Nordamerika,” cols. 331 & 32.

8. Reichsamt fur Landesaufnahme, Karte des Deutschen Reiches: Sheet 577, Gunzenhausen, composite (n. p. [Germany]: Reichsamt fur Landesaufnahme, 1893); digital image, David Rumsey Map Collection (http://www.davidrumsey.com : 2 March 2016).

9. Holly T. Hansen, compiler, German Research Guide (Morgan, Utah: Family History Expos, Inc., 2015), 88.

10. St. Martinskirche von Gräfensteinberg (Gräfensteinberg, Bayern, Germany), Taufen [Baptisms] 1753-1836, p. 407, no. 15, Anna Sophia Stern (1801); browsable images, Archion (https://www.archion.de : 11 February 2016).

St. Martinskirche von Gräfensteinberg (Gräfensteinberg, Bayern, Germany), Trauungen [Marriages] 1812-1870, pp. 6 & 7, no. 3, Stern-Stern (1832); browsable images, Archion (https://www.archion.de : 11 February 2016).

11. St. Martinskirche von Gräfensteinberg (Gräfensteinberg, Bayern, Germany), Taufen [Baptisms] 1753-1836, p. 377, no. 8, Georg Martin Stern (1797); browsable images, Archion (https://www.archion.de : 17 February 2016).

12. St. Martinskirche von Gräfensteinberg (Gräfensteinberg, Bayern, Germany), Taufen [Baptisms] 1753-1836, p. 407, no. 15, Anna Sophia Stern (1801).

St. Martinskirche von Gräfensteinberg (Gräfensteinberg, Bayern, Germany), Taufen [Baptisms] 1753-1836, p. 377, no. 8, Georg Martin Stern (1797).

13. St. Martinskirche von Gräfensteinberg (Gräfensteinberg, Bayern, Germany), Taufen [Baptisms] 1753-1836, p. 473, no. 47, Johann Michael Stern (1806); browsable images, Archion (https://www.archion.de : 11 February 2016).

14. St. Martinskirche von Gräfensteinberg (Gräfensteinberg, Bayern, Germany), Taufen [Baptisms] 1753-1836, p. 163, no. 25, Leonhard Michael Stern (1774); browsable images, Archion (https://www.archion.de : 11 February 2016).

15. St. Martinskirche von Gräfensteinberg (Gräfensteinberg, Bayern, Germany), Taufen [Baptisms] 1753-1836, p. 130, no. 18, Johann Michael Stern (1768); browsable images, Archion (https://www.archion.de : 3 March 2016).

16. In genealogical terms, this illustrates what is known as pedigree collapse; that is, a reduction in the number of distinct ancestors of an individual. (And before the jokes begin, let me remind you that pedigree collapse exists in the family trees of every human.) For more information see “Pedigree collapse,” Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pedigree_collapse : 2 March 2016).

Tombstone Tuesday : Anna Elisabeth (Hufnagel) Stern

George M. & Anna E. (Hufnagel) Stern marker, St. Lorenz Lutheran Cemetery, Frankenmuth, Michigan; 2012.
George M. & Anna E. (Hufnagel) Stern marker, St. Lorenz Lutheran Cemetery, Frankenmuth, Michigan; 2012.

Anna Elisabeth Hufnagel was born 29 August 1855 at Schwalbenmühle bei Windsbach, Mittelfranken, Bavaria.[1] She was the daughter of Georg Andreas Hufnagel and his wife, Eva Elisabeth (Böhm).[2] At 17 years old, she departed from Bremen and immigrated to the United States on board the S.S. Berlin, arriving at Baltimore, Maryland on 3 September 1872.[3] She appears to have traveled unaccompanied by any family members.[4] On 15 July 1877 she married George Michael Stern in Bay City, Bay County, Michigan.[5] Following her marriage, Anna Elisabeth resided in Frankenmuth, Saginaw, Michigan with her family.[6] She had one son.[7] Anna Elisabeth (Hufnagel) Stern died 29 November 1942 in Frankenmuth.[8] She is buried with her husband in St. Lorenz Lutheran Cemetery.[9]

How we are related: Anna Elisabeth is my second great-grandmother.

Reference Notes:

1. Tobias Brenner, compiler, “The Brenner Collection,” type- and manuscripts, n.d., family group record for Gg Andreas Hufnagel and Eva Els Böhm, married 26 November 1848; FHL microfilm 541,585.

2. Ibid.

3. “Baltimore, Passenger Lists, 1820-1964,” digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 1 September 2015), manifest, S. S. Berlin, Bremen to Baltimore, Maryland, arriving 3 September 1872, p. 13 (unpaginated), no. 425, Anna Hufnagel; citing National Archives microfilm publication M255, roll 020, list no. 109.

4. Ibid.

5. Bay County, Michigan, Marriage Registers, 1877, p. 58, no. 1594, George Michael Stern-Elisabeth Hufnagle [sic]; digital image, “Michigan Marriages, 1868-1925,” FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org : accessed 26 August 2015); citing Michigan Department of Vital Records, Lansing.

6. See, for example, 1900 U.S. census, Saginaw County, Michigan, population schedule, Frankenmuth Township, p. 199-B (stamped), enumeration district 34, dwelling 74, family 75, Anna E Stern; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 1 September 2015), citing National Archives microfilm publication T623, exact roll not cited for individual images.

7. Elaine Huber, translator, “St. Lorenz Lutheran Church (Frankenmuth, Michigan), Book II: Baptisms (1857-1885),” (typescript, 1995, St. Lorenz Lutheran Church Offices, Frankenmuth), pp. 263 & 4, Stern no. 317.

8. “Michigan Death Certificates, 1921-1952,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org : accessed 26 August 2015), Anna E Stern, 29 November 1942; citing Michigan Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics, Lansing.

9. St. Lorenz Lutheran Cemetery (Frankenmuth, Saginaw County, Michigan), Anna E Stern marker, section 2; personally read, 2012.

Connecting the Hufnagels of Bay and Saginaw Counties

Recently, I received a message from a woman inquiring about a potential DNA match with her mother. We had both tested through AncestryDNA and were a high confidence match. A couple of weeks ago, my potential cousin and I connected via the telephone and discovered our shared ancestry through the Hufnagel line.

Three years ago, I began my Hufnagel research only knowing the name, birth and dates of my great-great grandmother Anna Elisabeth Hufnagel (1855-1942)[1] who had married George Michael Stern. This information had been recorded on a slip of paper by my grandmother which she had presumably written for my father. Beyond that, I had no knowledge of her or her family. The civil marriage record for the couple indicated Elisabeth Hufnagel was born in Germany and living in Bay City, Bay County, Michigan at the time of her marriage to my great-great grandfather on 15 July 1877.[2] This led me to search for her family origins which in turn led me to other Hufnagels in Bay and Saginaw Counties.

The Hufnagel surname was not particularly common in the Saginaw Valley and a variety of census, marriage, death, church, newspaper, probate and other records indicated the following additional Hufnagels born in Germany and residing in either Saginaw or Bay Counties, Michigan:

  • J. Michael Hufnagel (1842-1887)[3]
  • George Adam Hufnagel (1851-1920)[4]
  • Anna Maria (Hufnagel) Schreiner (1857-1922)[5]
  • Johann L. Hufnagel (1860—1896)[6]

Given their common surname, birthplaces of Germany, and proximity of settlement in the Saginaw Valley, it seemed likely they were all related. Multiple on-line family trees had them all listed as siblings, although none had adequate sources supporting this. Through the various records mentioned above, I found connections as siblings for George Adam, Anna Elisabeth, Anna Maria, and Johann L.[8] No records indicating J. Michael Hufnagel’s relationship to any of the other Hufnagels or their common parents were located.

A church record for Anna Maria (Hufnagel) Schreiner indicated her birthplace was Windsbach, Baiern.[7] This led to a search for records from the town of Windsbach, Bavaria. This then led to the discovery of The Brenner Collection of family group sheets extracted from parish records in and near the district of Ansbach, Mittelfranken, Bavaria. These records include Windsbach parish. The Family History Library (Salt Lake City, Utah) holds microfilms, 764 rolls to be exact, of the Brenner Collection. I ordered a film potentially containing records for my Hufnagels of interest.

A family group sheet from the collection confirmed the parentage, birth dates and places for the Hufnagels I had already identified as siblings:

Children of Gg Andreas Hufnagel and Eva Els Böhm married 26 November 1848 in Windsbach:

  • Georg Adam, b. 20 December 1851, Schwalbenmuehle [bei Windsbach]
  • Anna Elisabeth, b. 29 August 1855, Schwalbenmuehle
  • Anna Maria, b. 8 October 1857, Schwalbenmuehle
  • Johann Adam (aka Johann L.), b. 2 June 1860, Schwalbenmuehle [9]

Schwalbenmuehle lies to the east of Windsbach. It translates as “swallows mill.” The record lists Gg Andreas as a “Mühlgutsbesiter,” a mill landowner.[10] The record also listed these additional children of the couple:

  • Anna Elisabeth, b. 28 August 1849, Windsbach; d. 1 January 1850, Windsbach
  • Georg Michael, b. 21 October 1850 Windsbach; d. 15 November 1853, Windsbach
  • Margareta Barbara, b. 25 March 1853, Windsbach [11]

J. Michael Hufnagel, born 1842, about six years before Georg Andreas Hufnagel and his wife were married, was not a part of this record. Still theorizing he must be a relation, I continued to search the Brenner Collection. Another family group record potentially identified his birth:

Child of Gg. Andr. [Georg Andreas] Hufnagel and M. Barb. [Maria Barbara] Böhm married 4 June 1838 in Windsbach:

  • Johann Mich. [Michael], b. 11 January 1842, Windsbach [12]

This couple also had several other children between 1839 and 1846.[13]

Based on his proximity in time and location to the other Windsbach area Hufnagels in the Saginaw Valley, this Brenner Collection record is probably the correct record for J. Michael Hufnagel of Bay County, Michigan. This was the only record from the Windsbach area that proved to be a possibility for him.

The Brenner Collection is a derivative source and the information provided by the records is out of context and error-prone, thus making it difficult to ascertain the definitive connection of Johann Michael Hufnagel of Windsbach to the Hufnagels of Bay County, Michigan and Frankenmuth, Saginaw County, Michigan; however, I offer this hypothesis:

There is not enough information from both family group records cited to state that the father Georg Andreas Hufnagel is certainly the same man. There is no death recorded for Maria Barbara (Böhm) Hufnagel, but her last children were twins born 12 May 1846.[14] The other family group record for a Georg Andreas Hufnagel shows his marriage to have taken place on 26 November 1848.[15] It is possible that the Georg Andreas Hufnagel of both family group records is the same man if his first wife died sometime between the birth of their twins and his potential second marriage. Moreover, there do not seem to be records for Hufnagels in Windsbach prior to the 1838 marriage of Georg Andreas, lessening the likelihood that there were several Hufnagel families residing there. This would make Johann Michael Hufnagel a half-sibling to the other Hufnagels of Bay County and Frankenmuth, Michigan; however, the original church records of Windsbach should be examined in context to possibly prove this. American church records for J. Michael Hufnagel have not yet been located; they may provide further insight into his identity.

Since originally examining The Brenner Collection on microfilm, I found that Ancestry.com has recently digitized the collection as “Ansbach, Germany, Lutheran Parish Register Extracts, 1550-1920.” The collection is also still available on microfilm from the Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Reference Notes:

1. “Michigan Death Certificates, 1921-1952,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org : accessed 26 August 2015), Anna E Stern, 29 November 1942; citing Michigan Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics, Lansing.

2. Bay County, Michigan, Marriage Registers, 1877, p. 58, no. 1594, George Michael Stern-Elisabeth Hufnagle [sic]; digital image, “Michigan Marriages, 1868-1925,” FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org : accessed 26 August 2015); citing Michigan Department of Vital Records, Lansing.

3. History of Bay County, Michigan With Illustrations And Biographical Sketches of Some of Its Prominent Men And Pioneers (Chicago: H. R. Page, 1883), 203.

Bay County, Michigan, Death Registers, 1887, f. 80, no. 386, Mike Hufnagel; digital image, “Michigan Deaths, 1867-1897,” FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org : accessed 26 August 2015); citing Michigan Department of Vital Records, Lansing.

Bay County, Michigan, probate case file no. 2172, J. Michael Hufnagel (1888); “Michigan Probate Records, 1797-1973,” digital images, FamilySearch (http://www.familysearch.org : accessed 7 August 2015).

4. “Death Records, 1897-1920,” Michigan History Foundation, Seeking Michigan (http://seekingmichigan.org : accessed 30 August 2013), death certificate image, Bay County, no. 164 (stamped), George Adam Hufnagel, 8 September 1920; citing Michigan Department of State, Division of Vital Statistics.

5. “Death Records, 1921-1947,” Michigan History Foundation, Seeking Michigan (http://seekingmichigan.org : accessed 26 August 2015), death certificate image, Saginaw County, no. 73 736 (stamped), Anna Maria Schreiner, 31 December 1922; citing Michigan Department of State, Division of Vital Statistics.

6. Find A Grave, database and images (http://www.findagrave.com : accessed 26 August 2015), memorial 116845299, Johann L. Hufnagel (1860-1896), Fremont Cemetery, Bay County, Michigan; a photograph by FELIX 5574 provides a legible image of the inscribed data including full birth and death dates.

7. Elaine Huber, translator, “St. Lorenz Lutheran Church (Frankenmuth, Michigan), Book II: Baptisms (1857-1885),” (typescript, 1995, St. Lorenz Lutheran Church Offices, Frankenmuth), p. 253, Schreiner no. 298.

8. 1884 Michigan state census, Bay County, Monitor Township, population schedule,  p. 20, lines 9-12 , household of Adam Hufnagel; digital images, “Michigan State Census, 1884-1894,” Michigan History Foundation, Seeking Michigan (http://seekingmichigan.org : accessed 30 August 2013).

Bay County, Michigan, Marriage Registers, 1895, f. 174, no. 4800, John Hufnatel [sic]-Mary M. Kraft; digital image, “Michigan Marriages, 1868-1925,” FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org : accessed 27 August 2015); citing Michigan Department of Vital Records, Lansing.

“Death Records, 1897-1920,” death certificate image, Bay County, no. 164 (stamped), George Adam Hufnagel (1920).

“Obituary,” obituary for G. A. Hufnagel, The Bay City (Michigan) Times Tribune, Friday, 10 September 1920; digital images, GenealogyBank (http://www.genealogybank.com : accessed 09 November 2013).

“Death Records, 1921-1947,” death certificate image, Saginaw County, no. 73 736 (stamped), Anna Maria Schreiner (1922).

“Michigan Death Certificates, 1921-1952,” database, Anna E Stern (1942).

9. Tobias Brenner, compiler, “The Brenner Collection,” type- and manuscripts, n.d., family group record for Gg Andreas Hufnagel and Eva Els Böhm, married 26 November 1848; FHL microfilm 541,585. The birth date for Johann Adam matches that of tombstone record for Johann L. (see reference note no. 6).

10. Ibid.

11. Ibid.

12. Tobias Brenner, compiler, “The Brenner Collection,” type- and manuscripts, n.d., family group record for Gg Andr. Hufnagel and M. Barb. Böhm, married 4 June 1838; FHL microfilm 541,585.

13. Ibid.

14. Ibid.

15. Brenner, “The Brenner Collection,” Gg Andreas Hufnagel and Eva Els Böhm (1848).

Generations of Love

"Generations of Love," program folder, St. Lorenz Ladies Aid-Missionary Guild Mother Daughter Banquet, 13 May 1991.
Wilfred and Olga (Stern) Bernthal, 18 May 1924. Generations of Love, St. Lorenz Ladies’ Aid-Missionary Guild Mother Daughter Banquet,  brochure cover, 13 May 1991.

Grandma and Grandpa Bernthal’s wedding portrait graced the brochure cover for the St. Lorenz Ladies’ Aid-Missionary Guild Mother Daughter Banquet held on May 13th, 1991. The theme was “Generations of Love.” The program brochure contained the following:

“Pictured on their wedding day of May 18, 1924 are Wilfred and Olga nee Stern Bernthal. Mr. and Mrs. Bernthal, who will be married 67 years this Saturday, are believed to be the longest married couple at St. Lorenz Lutheran Church.”[1]

We did not know it then, but that was to be the last wedding anniversary Grandma and Grandpa would celebrate together.

Source

[1] Generations of Love, St. Lorenz Ladies’ Aid-Missionary Guild Mother Daughter Banquet, program brochure, St. Lorenz Lutheran Church (Frankenmuth, Michigan), 13 May 1991, p. 1.